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过氧化氢可以应用的领域有哪些?

发布来源:http://www.jinhao360.com    更新时间:2020-03-18 点击数:

  化合物,如过氧化氢,相信大多数人并不陌生,俗称双氧水,经常出现在医疗行业,特别是使用消毒剂,事实上,这种化合物是一种重要的化工原料和绿色产品,目前市场上的需求正在增长,很紧,那么这些可以应用领域,这是详细的下面。

  Compounds, such as hydrogen peroxide, are believed to be familiar to most people, commonly known as hydrogen peroxide. They often appear in the medical industry, especially in the use of disinfectants. In fact, this compound is an important chemical raw material and green product. At present, the market demand is growing and very tight, so these can be applied in the following areas in detail.
  (1)纺织业,在纺织业中,过氧化氢主要用于织物的漂白、还原染色、退浆等,如纯棉织物、非麻织物、针织品和毛巾、床单、毛皮和工艺品的漂白。目前,纺织印染是过氧化氢的主要消耗者。用量大,约占总用量的50%。过氧化氢是用来取代氯漂白棉纺织业,因为它的纤维强度损失小,布料不容易回到黄色,感觉丰富,与此同时,它可以消除有机氯对环境的污染的废水排放造成的“氯漂白”,可以简化纺织厂废水处理,因此,在纺织工业中的应用有一定的优势。
  (1) In the textile industry, hydrogen peroxide is mainly used for bleaching, reducing dyeing and desizing of fabrics, such as pure cotton fabrics, non hemp fabrics, knitwear and towels, bed sheets, fur and crafts. At present, textile printing and dyeing are the main consumers of hydrogen peroxide. The dosage is large, accounting for about 50% of the total dosage. Hydrogen peroxide is used to replace chlorine bleaching in cotton textile industry, because its fiber strength loss is small, the cloth is not easy to return to yellow, and it feels rich. At the same time, it can eliminate the "chlorine bleaching" caused by the discharge of wastewater polluted by organic chlorine, which can simplify the treatment of wastewater from textile mills. Therefore, it has certain advantages in the application of textile industry.
  (2)造纸工业。造纸工业中过氧化氢主要用于废纸的纸浆漂白和脱墨。用于纸浆漂白,主要用于机械浆(磨浆)漂白;当用于废纸处理时,可以使油墨颗粒与纸纤维分离,过氧化氢在造纸工业中的应用前景十分广阔。
  (2) Paper industry. Hydrogen peroxide is mainly used in bleaching and deinking of waste paper. It is mainly used for pulp bleaching, mainly for mechanical pulp (mill pulp) bleaching. When it is used for waste paper treatment, it can separate ink particles and paper fibers. Hydrogen peroxide has a wide application prospect in paper industry.
  (3)环境治疗,过氧化氢的使用不仅不会产生污染物,也可直接用于治疗工业“三废”,特别是废水处理,几乎可以把各种各样的有毒废水(包括解毒,品味,脱色),不产生二次污染。二氧可用于去除一氧化氮、三氧化硫、硫醇、醛等。过氧化氢也可以用来处理地下水和土壤中的有机污染物。
  (3) In environmental treatment, the use of hydrogen peroxide not only does not produce pollutants, but also can be directly used to treat industrial "three wastes", especially wastewater treatment, which can almost eliminate all kinds of toxic wastewater (including detoxification, taste, decolorization), without secondary pollution. Dioxygen can be used to remove nitric oxide, sulfur trioxides, mercaptans, aldehydes, etc. Hydrogen peroxide can also be used to treat organic pollutants in groundwater and soil.
  (4)化学工业,在化学工业中,过氧化氢被广泛用于制造环氧化合物、有机过氧化物和无机过氧化物、催化聚合反应。
  (4) In chemical industry, hydrogen peroxide is widely used to produce epoxy compounds, organic peroxides, inorganic peroxides and catalytic polymerization.
氢氧化钾
  (5)电子工业中,电子工业可以用过氧化氢等化学试剂配制腐蚀溶液并作为清洗剂,仪器工业电镀加工可以用过氧化氢处理电镀溶液。
  (5) In electronic industry, chemical reagents such as hydrogen peroxide can be used to prepare corrosion solution and used as cleaning agent in electronic industry, and hydrogen peroxide can be used to treat electroplating solution in instrument industry.
  (6)食品和制药行业,双氧水在食品行业可用于软包装纸的消毒、罐头厂的消毒剂、乳品的杀菌、面包的发酵、食品纤维的脱色。低于3%的稀释双氧水溶液也可以用作医疗试剂。还可用于建材行业轻质泡沫材料发泡剂的制备,机械、化工设备金属表面的净化,管道的清洗等。
  (6) In food and pharmaceutical industry, hydrogen peroxide can be used for disinfection of soft packaging paper, disinfectant of Cannery, sterilization of dairy products, fermentation of bread and decolorization of food fiber. Diluted hydrogen peroxide solution less than 3% can also be used as a medical reagent. It can also be used for the preparation of foaming agents for light foam materials in building materials industry, purification of metal surfaces in machinery and chemical equipment, and cleaning of pipes.
  以上是过氧化氢在纺织、造纸、化工、环保、电子、医药等行业中的广泛应用的描述,可见,其潜在价值是非常大的。目前,该化合物已朝着规模化、高科技化、自动化控制的方向发展,相信未来会有更好的表现。
  The above is a description of the wide application of hydrogen peroxide in textile, paper, chemical, environmental protection, electronics, medicine and other industries. It can be seen that its potential value is very large. At present, the compound has developed towards the direction of large-scale, high-tech and automatic control, and it is believed that it will have better performance in the future.

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