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氢氧化钾的安全措施及储存运输

发布来源:http://www.jinhao360.com    更新时间:2020-06-16 点击数:

氢氧化钾(化学式:KOH,式量:56.11)白色粉末或片状固体。具强碱性及腐蚀性。作为化学用品,氢氧化钾的有哪些安全措施?一起来了解一下吧!

Potassium hydroxide (chemical formula: Koh, formula quantity: 56.11) white powder or sheet solid. Strong alkaline and corrosive. As a chemical, what are the safety measures for potassium hydroxide? Let's get to know each other!
氢氧化钾的安全措施
Safety measures of potassium hydroxide
皮肤接触:立即脱去污染的衣着,用大量流动清水冲洗至少15分钟。就医。
Skin contact: remove contaminated clothing immediately and wash with plenty of flowing water for at least 15 minutes. Get medical attention.
眼睛接触:立即提起眼睑,用大量流动清水或生理盐水彻底冲洗至少15分钟。就医。
Eye contact: lift the eyelid immediately and wash thoroughly with a large amount of flowing water or normal saline for at least 15 minutes. Get medical attention.
吸入:迅速脱离现场至空气新鲜处。保持呼吸道通畅。如呼吸困难,给输氧。如呼吸停止,立即进行人工呼吸。就医。
Inhalation: quickly leave the site to fresh air. Keep respiratory tract unobstructed. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. If breathing stops, perform artificial respiration immediately. Get medical attention.
食入:用水漱口,给饮牛奶或蛋清。就医。
Ingestion: rinse mouth with water and drink milk or egg white. Get medical attention.
灭火方法:用水、砂土扑救,但须防止物品遇水产生飞溅,造成灼伤。
Fire fighting method: put out the fire with water and sand, but it is necessary to prevent the splashing of articles in contact with water, causing burns.
应急处理:隔离泄漏污染区,限制出入。建议应急处理人员戴防尘面具(全面罩),穿防酸碱工作服。不要直接接触泄漏物。小量泄漏:用洁净的铲子收集于干燥、洁净、有盖的容器中。也可以用大量水冲洗,洗水稀释后放入废水系统。大量泄漏:收集回收或运至废物处理场所处置。
Emergency treatment: isolate the leakage pollution area and restrict access. It is recommended that the emergency treatment personnel wear dust mask (full mask) and acid and alkali resistant work clothes. Do not touch the leakage directly. Small leakage: collect in dry, clean and covered container with clean shovel. It can also be washed with a large amount of water, and then diluted into the waste water system. Large amount of leakage: collected and recovered or transported to the waste disposal site for disposal.
氢氧化钾的储存运输
Storage and transportation of potassium hydroxide
1、运输注意事项:铁路运输时,钢桶包装的可用敞车运输。起运时包装要完整,装载应稳妥。运输过程中要确保容器不泄漏、不倒塌、不坠落、不损坏。严禁与易燃物或可燃物、酸类、食用化学品等混装混运。运输时运输车辆应配备泄漏应急处理设备;
1. Transportation precautions: during railway transportation, the steel drum package can be transported by open car. The packing shall be complete and the loading shall be safe. During transportation, ensure that containers do not leak, collapse, fall or damage. It is strictly prohibited to mix with inflammables or combustibles, acids, edible chemicals, etc. Transportation vehicles shall be equipped with leakage emergency treatment equipment during transportation;
2、储存注意事项:储存于阴凉、干燥、通风良好的库房。远离火种、热源。库内湿度最好不大于85%。包装必须密封,切勿受潮。应与易(可)燃物、酸类等分开存放,切忌混储。储区应备有合适的材料收容泄漏物;
2. Storage precautions: store in a cool, dry and well ventilated warehouse. Keep away from fire and heat. The humidity in the warehouse should be no more than 85%. The package must be sealed from moisture. It shall be stored separately from inflammable (inflammable) substances and acids, and mixed storage shall be avoided. The storage area shall be equipped with appropriate materials to contain the leakage;
3、包装方法:固体可装入0.5毫米厚的钢桶中严封,每桶净重不超过100公斤;塑料袋或二层牛皮纸袋外全开口或中开口钢桶;螺纹口玻璃瓶、铁盖压口玻璃瓶、塑料瓶或金属桶(罐)外普通木箱;螺纹口玻璃瓶、塑料瓶或镀锡薄钢板桶(罐)外满底板花格箱、纤维板箱或胶合板箱;镀锡薄钢板桶(罐)、金属桶(罐)、塑料瓶或金属软管外瓦楞纸箱。
3. Packing method: the solid can be packed in a 0.5mm thick steel drum with a net weight of no more than 100kg; the steel drum with full or middle opening outside the plastic bag or two-layer kraft paper bag; the ordinary wooden box outside the screw mouth glass bottle, iron cover pressure mouth glass bottle, plastic bottle or metal barrel (can); the screw mouth glass bottle, plastic bottle or tin plated steel plate barrel (can) is covered with a bottom plate lattice box and fiberboard Box or plywood box; tin coated steel sheet barrel (can), metal barrel (can), plastic bottle or metal hose outer corrugated box.

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