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氢氧化钾的易潮解性介绍!

发布来源:http://www.jinhao360.com    更新时间:2019-11-28 点击数:

  氢氧化钾是白色粉末或片状固体,具强碱性及腐蚀性,溶于水、乙醇,微溶于乙醚,极易吸收空气中水分而潮解,吸收二氧化碳而成碳酸钾,当溶解于水、醇或用酸处理时产生大量热量。但是大家对它的易潮解性有多少了解呢?下面就给大家来具体讲解一下吧。

  Potassium hydroxide is a white powder or flake solid with strong alkalinity and corrosiveness. It is soluble in water, ethanol and slightly soluble in ether. It is easy to absorb water in the air and deliquesce. It absorbs carbon dioxide and becomes potassium carbonate. When it is dissolved in water, alcohol or treated with acid, it will generate a lot of heat. But how much do you know about its deliquescence? Let's talk about it in detail.
  易潮解:氢氧化钾暴露于空气中时,易吸收二氧化碳和水分,逐渐变成碳酸钾。易溶于水,溶解时放出大量溶解热,有极强的吸水性,在空气中能吸收水分而溶解,并吸收二氧化碳逐渐变成碳酸钾。溶于乙醇,微溶于醚。有极强的碱性和腐蚀性,其性质与烧碱相似。能引起灼伤,易于吸收空气中的水分和CO2。
氢氧化钾
  Deliquescence: when potassium hydroxide is exposed to air, it is easy to absorb carbon dioxide and water, and gradually becomes potassium carbonate. It is easy to dissolve in water, release a lot of heat of dissolution when dissolving, and has strong water absorption. It can absorb water and dissolve in the air, and absorb carbon dioxide and gradually become potassium carbonate. Soluble in ethanol, slightly soluble in ether. It has strong alkalinity and corrosiveness, and its properties are similar to caustic soda. Can cause burns, easy to absorb moisture and CO2 in the air.
  以上就是给大家总结的关于氢氧化钾易潮解性的简单介绍,希望大家都有一定的学习,另外,在大家使用的时候一定注意,避免给自身带来伤害,想了解更多资讯,请继续关注我们吧。
  The above is a brief introduction to the deliquescence of potassium hydroxide. I hope you all have some learning. In addition, when you use it, you must pay attention to avoid harm to yourself. If you want to learn more information, please continue to pay attention to us.

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