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氢氧化钾对健康和环境的危害!

发布来源:http://www.jinhao360.com    更新时间:2019-03-20 点击数:

健康危害: 本品具有强腐蚀性。粉尘刺激眼和呼吸道,腐蚀鼻中隔;皮肤和眼直接接触可引起灼伤;误服可造成消化道灼伤,粘膜糜烂、出血,休克。

  Health hazards: This product is highly corrosive. Dust irritates eyes and respiratory tract, corrodes nasal septum; direct contact between skin and eyes can cause burns; misuse can cause digestive tract burns, mucosal erosion, bleeding, shock.
  环境危害: 对水体可造成污染。
  Environmental hazards: Water can be polluted.
  燃爆危险: 本品不燃,具强腐蚀性、强刺激性,可致人体灼伤。
  Burning and Explosion Danger: This product is non-flammable, highly corrosive and irritating, and can cause burns to human body.
  危险特性: 与酸发生中和反应并放热。本品不会燃烧, 遇水和水蒸气大量放热, 形成腐蚀性溶液。具有强腐蚀性。
  Hazard characteristics: neutralize with acid and exothermic. This product will not burn. When heated by water and steam, it will form corrosive solution. It is highly corrosive.
  1.对环境的影响:
  1. Environmental impacts:
  一、健康危害
  Health hazards
  侵入途径:吸入、食入。
  Invasion pathway: inhalation and ingestion.
  健康危害:本品有强烈腐蚀性。吸入后强烈刺激呼吸道或造成灼伤。皮肤和眼直接接触可引起灼伤;口服灼伤消化道,可致死。
  Health hazards: This product has strong corrosiveness. After inhalation, it strongly stimulates the respiratory tract or causes burns. Direct contact between skin and eyes can cause burns; oral burns of the digestive tract can cause death.
  慢性影响:肺损害。
  Chronic effects: lung damage.
  二、毒理学资料及环境行为
  Toxicological Data and Environmental Behavior
  急性毒性:LD50273mg/kg(大鼠经口)
  Acute toxicity: LD50273 mg/kg (rat oral)
  刺激性:家兔经眼:1%重度刺激。家兔经皮:50mg(24小时),重度刺激。
  Irritation: rabbit eyes: 1% severe irritation. Rabbit skin: 50 mg (24 hours), severe stimulation.
  危险特性:本品不会燃烧,遇水和水蒸气大量放热,形成腐蚀性溶液。与酸发生中和反应并放热。具有强腐蚀性。
氢氧化钾
  Hazardous Characteristics: This product will not burn, when heated by water and steam, it will form corrosive solution. Neutralize with acid and exothermic. It is highly corrosive.
  燃烧(分解)产物:可能产生有害的毒性烟雾。
  Combustion (decomposition) products: May produce harmful toxic smoke.
  三、急救措施
  3. Emergency measures
  皮肤接触:立即用水冲洗至少15分钟。若有灼伤,就医治疗。
  Skin contact: Rinse immediately with water for at least 15 minutes. If there are burns, seek medical treatment.
  眼睛接触:立即提起眼睑,用流动清水或生理盐水冲洗至少15分钟。或用3%硼酸溶液冲洗。就医。
  Eye contact: Lift the eyelids immediately and rinse them with flowing water or saline for at least 15 minutes. Or rinse with 3% boric acid solution. Seek medical advice.
  吸入:迅速脱离现场至空气新鲜处。必要时进行人工呼吸。就医。
  Inhalation: Quickly leave the scene to the fresh air. Artificial respiration should be carried out if necessary. Seek medical advice.
  食入:患者清醒时立即漱口,口服稀释的醋或柠檬汁,就医。灭火方法:雾状水、砂土。
  Intake: Patients immediately gargle when awake, oral dilution of vinegar or lemon juice, medical treatment. Fire extinguishing methods: mist water and sand.
  更多氢氧化钾的相关信息可以点击我们的官网进行咨询:http://www.jinhao360.com
  More information about potassium hydroxide can be consulted on our website at http://www.jinhao360.com.

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